Making manufacturability and recyclability integral parts of battery research and development at an early stage.
The battery of the future will be designed based on virtual representation considering sustainability and circular economy concepts including life cycle assessment. Materials sourcing, processing, manufacturing and assembly processes must be tailored to accommodate new chemistries and follow innovative approaches to allow for efficient remanufacturing and re-use requirements.
The manufacturability and recyclability of batteries are thus key cross-cutting areas that will develop through close collaboration between those addressing themes I and II. From the outset, new knowledge and ideas about how to manufacture and recycle batteries will inform the materials discovery and development processes.
The manufacturing of future battery technologies is addressed in this roadmap from the standpoint of the fourth industrial revolution, i.e., Industry 4.0 and digitalisation. The power of modelling and the use of AI should be exploited to deliver “digital twins” for both innovative cell designs, avoiding or substantially minimising classical trial-and-error approaches, and manufacturing methodologies.
The new materials and cell architectures envisioned in BATTERY 2030+, call for new recycling concepts, such as reconditioning or reusing active materials and electrodes. To pave the way for such a shift, material suppliers, cell and battery manufacturers, main application actors, and recyclers will be directly coupled to accommodate the constraints of recycling when developing new batteries. The discovery of new materials using BIG–MAP will integrate parameters such as recyclability, critical raw materials, and toxicity into the algorithms.
With these two research areas, Theme III will ensure that all research approaches will consider the feasibility of scaling up new materials and battery cells as well as the possibility of recycling and reusing battery components at low cost and using climate-neutral approaches.
|Short-term (3 years)||
|Medium-term (6 years)||
|Long-term (10 years)||